Batman, or Shakespeare?

who said it shakespeare or batmanHere’s a fun way to spend a couple of minutes: “Who Said It: Shakespeare or Batman?

(I can’t believe I missed the two that I did … clearly I haven’t been reading enough Batman).

batman shakespeare bustDid you know you can buy the Batman Shakespeare bust? (You know, the next to the Bat-Phone). Probably just as well that I don’t have $3oo.o0 for impulse eBay purchases.

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Tangentially related: Greg Hurwitz studied Shakespearean tragedy at Oxford, and gets to write Batman comics!

Amazon’s “100 Books to Read in a Lifetime”

100 books to read in a lifetimeOk, I’m kind of a sucker for book lists. Have you seen Amazon’s ”100 Books to Read in a Lifetime“?

It’s actually a fairly interesting mix. And here’s a link to the GoodReads version – I wonder what the list composition would look like if it were a crowd-sourced list.

Some tidbits from their press release:

  • Oldest book on the list: Pride and Prejudice by Jane Austen (1813)
  • Most recently published book on the list: Life After Life by Kate Atkinson (2013)
  • Book on the list that inspired the most internal debate: 1984 by George Orwell
  • A few books that were unanimous across the team: Little House on the Prairie by Laura Ingalls Wilder, Charlotte’s Web by E.B. White, To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee, Portnoy’s Complaint by Philip Roth, Unbroken by Laura Hillenbrand

Really, Portnoy’s Complaint? Maybe I’m just not a liver fan.

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And for those that don’t want to scroll through the Amazon website to see the full title list (like me), here’s the list:

1984 by George Orwell

A Brief History of Time by Stephen Hawking

A Heartbreaking Work of Staggering Genius by Dave Eggers

A Long Way Gone by Ishmael Beah

A Series of Unfortunate Events #1: The Bad Beginning: The Short-Lived Edition by Lemony Snicket

A Wrinkle in Time by Madeleine L’Engle

Alice Munro: Selected Stories by Alice Munro

Alice in Wonderland by Lewis Carroll

All the President’s Men by Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein

Angela’s Ashes: A Memoir by Frank McCourt

Are You There, God? It’s me, Margaret by Judy Blume

Bel Canto by Ann Patchett

Beloved by Toni Morrison

Born To Run – A Hidden Tribe, Superathletes, and the Greatest Race the World Has Never Seen by Christopher McDougall

Breath, Eyes, Memory by Edwidge Danticat

Catch-22 by Joseph Heller

Charlie and the Chocolate Factory by Roald Dahl

Charlotte’s Web by E.B. White

Cutting For Stone by Abraham Verghese

Daring Greatly: How the Courage to Be Vulnerable Transforms the Way We Live, Love, Parent, and Lead by Brene Brown

Diary of a Wimpy Kid, Book 1 by Jeff Kinney

Dune by Frank Herbert

Fahrenheit 451 by Ray Bradbury

Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas: A Savage Journey to the Heart of the American Dream by Hunter S. Thompson

Gone Girl by Gillian Flynn

Goodnight Moon by Margaret Wise Brown

Great Expectations by Charles Dickens

Guns, Germs, and Steel: The Fates of Human Societies by Jared M. Diamond

Harry Potter and the Sorcerer’s Stone by J.K. Rowling

In Cold Blood by Truman Capote

Interpreter of Maladies by Jhumpa Lahiri

Invisible Man by Ralph Ellison

Jimmy Corrigan: Smartest Kid on Earth by Chris Ware

Kitchen Confidential by Anthony Bourdain

Life After Life by Kate Atkinson

Little House on the Prairie by Laura Ingalls Wilder

Lolita by Vladimir Nabokov

Love in the Time of Cholera by Gabriel Garcia Marquez

Love Medicine by Louise Erdrich

Man’s Search for Meaning by Viktor Frankl

Me Talk Pretty One Day by David Sedaris

Middlesex by Jeffrey Eugenides

Midnight’s Children by Salman Rushdie

Moneyball by Michael Lewis

Of Human Bondage by W. Somerset Maugham

On the Road by Jack Kerouac

Out of Africa by Isak Dinesen

Persepolis by Marjane Satrapi

Portnoy’s Complaint by Philip Roth

Pride & Prejudice by Jane Austen

Silent Spring by Rachel Carson

Slaughterhouse-Five by Kurt Vonnegut

Team of Rivals by Doris Kearns Goodwin

The Age of Innocence by Edith Wharton

The Amazing Adventures of Kavalier and Clay by Michael Chabon

The Autobiography of Malcolm X by Malcolm X and Alex Haley

The Book Thief by Markus Zusak

The Brief Wondrous Life of Oscar Wao by Junot Diaz

The Catcher in the Rye by J.D. Salinger

The Color of Water by James McBride

The Corrections by Jonathan Franzen

The Devil in the White City: Murder, Magic, and Madness at the Fair that Changed America by Erik Larson

The Diary of Anne Frank by Anne Frank

The Fault in Our Stars by John Green

The Giver by Lois Lowry

The Golden Compass: His Dark Materials by Philip Pullman

The Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald

The Handmaid’s Tale by Margaret Atwood

The House At Pooh Corner by A. A. Milne

The Hunger Games by Suzanne Collins

The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks by Rebecca Skloot

The Liars’ Club: A Memoir by Mary Karr

The Lightning Thief (Percy Jackson and the Olympians, Book 1) by Rick Riordan

The Little Prince by Antoine de Saint-Exupéry

The Long Goodbye by Raymond Chandler

The Looming Tower: Al-Qaeda and the Road to 9/11 by

The Lord of the Rings by J.R.R. Tolkien

The Man Who Mistook His Wife For A Hat: And Other Clinical Tales by Oliver Sacks

The Omnivore’s Dilemma: A Natural History of Four Meals by Michael Pollan

The Phantom Tollbooth by Norton Juster

The Poisonwood Bible: A Novel by Barbara Kingsolver

The Power Broker: Robert Moses and the Fall of New York by Robert A. Caro

The Right Stuff by Tom Wolfe

The Road by Cormac McCarthy

The Secret History by Donna Tartt

The Shining by Stephen King

The Stranger by Albert Camus

The Sun Also Rises by Ernest Hemingway

The Things They Carried by Tim O’Brien

The Very Hungry Caterpillar by Eric Carle

The Wind in the Willows by Kenneth Grahame

The Wind-Up Bird Chronicle: A Novel by Haruki Murakami

The World According to Garp by John Irving

The Year of Magical Thinking by Joan Didion

Things Fall Apart by Chinua Achebe

To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee

Unbroken: A World War II Story of Survival, Resilience, and Redemption by Laura Hillenbrand

Valley of the Dolls by Jacqueline Susann

Where the Sidewalk Ends by Shel Silverstein

Where the Wild Things Are by Maurice Sendak

 

Thoughts on Reading, iPads, and Tablets

ipad air reading booksWhen the iPad Air came out, GalleyCat asked what some people were probably wondering: “Will the 1-Pound iPad Air Be Better for Reading Books?” After all, it’s half a pound lighter than the previous iteration.

1.5 lbs may not sound like much, but I hope I’m not the only person who has fallen asleep while reading on a tablet, only to be waken up by the tablet smashing me in the face. Then, it actually does feel rather heavy.

The point of this post is to think about what exactly we mean by “better” for reading, and what kinds of reading we have in mind.

For example: MacWorld (“Why and when the iPad is the best e-reader“) points out the useful distinction between studious reading (“The iPad facilitates note-taking and skimming—the kind of reading done by college students. But at the end of a book, it’s so much easier to go back, find your notes, and give yourself a Cliff’s Notes overview of what you just read. If you’re in information-processing mode, the iPad is usually the way to go. Making and navigating these sorts of notes on an e-ink Kindle is painful“) on the one hand; leisure reading; and old-fashioned immersive reading, giving the slight overall edge to the iPad mini.

Also worth a reading, from The Guardian (“Which is the best tablet for reading?“) which favors the new Nexus 10 for its impressive 2560 x 1600 pixels high resolution screen, while keeping in mind:

paperwhite is still best for reading“There is no “best” tablet for all kinds of reading in all kinds of situations, which can range from sitting out in the midday sun to reading in bed. Also, people have different responses to different types and sizes of screen, especially when reading for long periods. … The Kindle Paperwhite e-reader is better than tablets at handling a wide range of lighting situations. Tablets are hard or sometimes impossible to read in bright sunlight, and their glossy screens can pick up annoying reflections.

Gizmodo weighs in on ereaders (“5 Ways Ereaders Are Still Better Than Tablets“). Yeah, the article is over a year old, but I think the first three reasons are legitimate, and it certainly seems as if ereaders can get away with a longer product lifecycle than a tablet (iPad 2? Are you kidding? That’s so 2011).

If you think “better” means serving the function of reading books, an ereader is probably the way to go: “ Let’s face it, as much as you love Middlemarch, you love checking your email more. Notifications, tweets, messages, even a handy digital clock; these are the things that make tablets great multitasking machines and terrible reading devices.”

kobo glo pride and prejudiceSpeaking of e-reading devices, CNET’s “Best e-book readers” is a useful primer. Having had experience with all of them, I would have to agree with the Kindle Paperwhite as the best pure e-reading device, and the Kobo Glo does present a legitimately interesting Kindle/Nook alternative.

Math, and The Simpsons

Math and The Simpsons

I finally got a copy of Simon Singh’s The Simpsons and Their Mathematical Secrets. You can also check out an excerpt from Singh’s book at Slate: “Homer’s Last Theorem

[update: Here's another book excerpt, this time from Homer3, one of my all-time favorites. Slate: "One, doh!, three: Homer Simpson is a math genius. Really!"]

Interesting to learn that Fermat’s last theorem was an easter egg of sorts in Season Ten’s The Wizard of Evergreen Terrace.

homer 3d n and npWired has a great list of  top Simpsons Math moments: “The Simpsons Has Been Tricking You Into Learning Math for Decades.” Henry Kissinger’s glasses and ““the sum of the square roots of any two sides of an isosceles triangle is equal to the square root of the remaining side” will still be my favorite, especially for the Wizard of Oz allusions. But “Girls Just Want to Have Sums” gets points for its educational topical relevance, even if it does end on a cop-out at the end.

Jordan Ellenberg from UW Madison wrote a solid review of the book: “Mathematics and Homer Simpson“, with the following reflection:

One “Simpsons” writer tells Singh: “I think the mathematical mind lends itself best to writing very silly jokes, because logic is at the heart of mathematics. The more you think about logic, the more you have fun twisting it and morphing it. I think the logical mind finds great humor in illogic.”

Homer math fermat's theorem

And while we’re on the subject, the best website on the subject has to be Sarah J. Greenwald and Andrew Nestler’s SimpsonsMath.com

Mother Jones (“How the Simpsons Have Secretly Been Teaching You Math“) shares a cool article and podcast with even more info.

Lastly, Simpsons math geeks will also want to check out this 9-minute video:

Do We Really Care How Long It Takes Us To Read a Book?

Delay iphone reading app

What if we could know exactly how long it took us to read a book before we bought it? Does it really matter?

This article from Publishing Perspectives (“Should Books Tell You How Long They Will Take to Read?“) got me thinking. In particular, PP mentions a new type of reading app:

“the Delay App, which asks readers to indicated the amount of time they would like to read and, in turn, the app offers them selections that can be read during that period.” 

Here’s a link to the related press release (PP: “Dutch Delay App Gives You Stories Tailored to Your Free Time“), and it does take an interesting approach: marketing ebook content by length of reading time.

With the Kindle, for instance, we get an estimated reading time based on our reading speed and pace at which we scroll through pages. From personal experience, I started out as a big fan. But lately, if I want to read simply for the sake of reading (right now, I’m reading Anna Karenina), the thrill has worn off and I longer get a thrill out of knowing how many hours and minutes are left in the book.

Part of that is probably related to the fact that the Kindle estimated reading time varies from fairly good to terrible. Reddit definitely comes in handy if you are looking for a way to reset that pesky Kindle timer: “How to fix Kindle reading time estimates.

suggested reading timeAnd here’s another interesting viewpoint, from Flavorwire: “No, Alexis Ohanian, I Don’t Want Books to Tell Me How Long I Should Spend Reading Them“:

“… the purpose isn’t so much informational as it is, I think, sort of hilariously disciplining of both author and reader. A slow reader will feel guilty; a fast reader will feel pride; in both cases the feelings serve no useful purpose. For a writer of any real caliber the thing is actively self-debasing. This is an author saying to you: “I have written a book. Isn’t it great? It is, but it is only worth five hours of your time. It might take you longer to read War and Peace, sure, and you might have to do a couple of re-reads. But the whole sum of human knowledge on offer in this book: it’s five hours only. I’m just efficient like that.”

My Kindle Paperwhite tells me that War and Peace should take about 30 hours. I don’t know how much of a bearing that has on my life or my reading experience.

What’s the point of all of this? I doubt the suggested reading time is a trend that will really catch on. But, as more and more of everyday life becomes quantified and organized into more and more slices of data, I can’t help but wonder that there is some importance in resisting over-scheduling certain things, like our reading time.

Very Cool: “Graphing the History of Philosophy”

Graphing the history of philosophy

(Click on the image above for a way bigger and more interactive version!)

Simon Raper of Drunks&Lampposts has created this amazing visualization “Graphing the History of Philosophy“, derived from the Influenced By section for every philosopher on Wikipedia. Some detail on his methodology:

“Each philosopher is a node in the network and the lines between them (or edges in the terminology of graph theory) represents lines of influence. The node and text are sized according to the number of connections (both in and out). The algorithm that visualises the graph also tends to put the better connected nodes in the centre of the diagram so we see the most influential philosophers, in large text, clustered in the centre. It all seems about right with the major figures in the western philosophical tradition taking the centre stage.”

The whole thing really is worth a close look (and there’s even a helpful download link of the 8MB complete file).

io9 (“The complete history of philosophy visualized in one graph”) has a good breakdown of this massive philosophy cluster:

“Conspicuous by his absence is Descartes, but Raper offers a possible explanation: The chart only measures direct influences, and it’s likely that Descartes’s tremendous contribution has trickled through second and third degree associations. Alternately, it could also be the fault of strictly using associations established by Wikipedia editors.

Other highly influential philosophers (rightly) include Kierkegaard, Husserl, Heidegger, Leibniz, Rousseau, Hume, Wittgenstein, and even Noam Chomsky.

The graph also shows a certain amount of “clumping” that one would expect — a logical grouping of philosophers within their respective traditions, and in close relation to their precursors and eventual offshoots.” 

Bertrand Russell The History of Western Philosophy book coverHumanities in a Digital Age (“Visualizing the History of Philosophy?“) also offers a thoughtful counterpoint about the vagueness of influence involved, along with a more exact description of what we are looking at: “If we are after a graphic representation of what late-twentieth- and early twenty-first-century contributors to Wikipedia would have been likely to say about the relations of influence between figures in the Western tradition, this likely does a very good job of delivering us that.”

It’s a very cool visualization. And there’s always the old-fashioned way, like one of my favorites: Russell’s The History of Western Philosophy.

Books, Blogs, and Our Memories

Remembering Blogs, Remembering NovelsI came across this snippet, while doing some research, from GalleyCat: “Your Brain Can Remember a Blog Post Better Than a Novel“:

“It might be easier for your brain to remember this post than it is to recall details from a perfectly composed novel.

In a new paper in the Memory & Cognition journal, researchers discovered that “mind-ready” and casual formats like blog posts, Facebook status updates or Twitter writings might be easier for your brain to remember. These are powerful lessons for writers to learn about connecting with readers.”

Maybe … or, maybe not. Perhaps blogs that are more visually-oriented tend to stick in the memory better, but  personal experience tells me that I can still remember a novel better than the blog posts I read even yesterday (maybe because we’re concentrating more on novel reading than the more distracted, casual reading we do with blogs?)

Does this suggest that we remember fact better than fiction? The kind of evocative fiction involved in novel reading would seem to be easier to visualize. And then again, blogs (generally speaking) are easier to edit and update than novels — so unless we go digging around cached website copies, who’s to say how well we remember those blog posts?

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While we’re on the topic, have you read Slate’s excellent 2010 (“The Ministry of Truth“) piece in its experiment on “changing history”? Cool, and kind of creepy. Definitely worth a read.

Digital words are more fluid than printed words, and this is a topic that I find endless fascinating; one of my favorite recent TED talks: Elizabeth Loftus and The Fiction of Memory.

On Book Vending Machines

Library Vending MachinesBookRiot (“The Library Vending Machine“) had a post which caught my attention, complete with YouTube video link, about the first 24-hour library vending machine in the United States. It’s a neat idea, and perhaps more scalable for  areas without the benefit of branch libraries: 

“This particular model costs $200,000, which includes a touchscreen terminal that patrons use to check materials in and out. The machine can also serve as a Wi-Fi hotspot, with either open or password-protected internet access. Patrons can also pick up holds and pay fines with credit cards.”

After all, if we have iPad vending machines (how are these profitable? why?), why not books? Which isn’t to suggest that book vending machines themselves are a new thing. The Huffington Post (“A Brief History of Book Vending Machines“) shares some helpful historical context, with book vending machines dating back to 1822, including the 1937 Penguincubator. And I know I have a photo somewhere of the now-defunct novel vending machine at London Heathrow Airport in 2010*: 

“Although vending machines have long been considered acceptable for newspapers, they’ve never really caught on where books are concerned. Books aren’t disposable items like cigarettes or candy. As a result, there’s something counter-intuitive about buying a book from a device that dispenses soda pop. Bestselling titles may help to diminish this disconnect, but do little to improve reading’s perceived intellectual value.”

Novel Idea Vending Machine London AirportGood point: there is something wasteful about a book we read once and discard, even if it is only a John Grisham novel that is read once, kept on a bookshelf for five years, and then sold at a garage sale for twenty-five cents.

If it were me, I’d put the book vending machines in places where people are forced to wait with almost nothing to do … like post offices, or unemployment offices. They’d move backlist items like hotcakes.

[update: Hey, there's even one in Sunnyvale, CA!  From San Jose Mercury: "County's first library vending machine serves books at the push of a button"]

[update 2: I found my Novel Ideas photo, too]

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And, check out this great Pinterest board of Book Vending Machines photos, new and old.

Peru’s Lucha Libro: Writer vs. Writer

Well, this one is too good not to comment on. From PRI: “Peru makes book writing into a spectator sport and invites aspiring writers into combat

“It’s a twist on Lucha Libre, Mexico’s version of pro wrestling, where competitors put on masks and pseudonyms to duke it out in a ring.

Peru’s Lucha Libro is kind of like that, without the violence. It’s literary “wrestling.” New writers don masks, and head onto a stage where they’re given three random words, a laptop hooked up to a gigantic screen, and five minutes to write a short story.

At the end of a match, the losing writer has to take off his or her mask. The winner goes on to the next round, a week later. And the grand prize? It’s a book contract … 

‘It’s also about changing the idea that literature is boring. This turns it into an event. Because it’s not just about the opportunity for a young person to become a writer,” he says. “It’s also about having a place for young people to hang out – and to read.”

Writer vs. Writer: Franzen vs. ChabonHey, there’s probably worse ways to get a book contract. And writing as a spectator sport? Why not? All of the lucha libro (similar, but different, from the weirdly fascinating Mexican lucha libre) writing is projected on screen: does the crowd boo typos? Cheer a snappy epigram?

Writing sometimes seems antagonist enough, so why not make the writer vs. writer theme as literal as possible? Funnily enough, the three word structure reminds of Six-Word Memoirs.

Check out The Believer (The Believer: “Lucha Libro“) for an excellent story, complete with totally-apt Roland Barthes quote [the link is to a snippet, full article is subscription-only].  And you can visit the official competition website, En español: http://www.luchalibro.pe/

Publishing Perspectives (“Lucha Libro: Masked Peruvian Writers Battle for a Book Contract“) has some good insights not only about the Lucha Libro phenomenon but also about the Peru publishing industry: “in Peru, paperbacks often cost between twenty and thirty dollars, pricing them far beyond the reach of many Peruvians. Because of this, readership is low and “publishing contracts are even harder to come by the in the United States.” But even so, the land of Maria Vargas Llosa and Cesar Vallejo has more than its share of writers hoping for their big break.

Peru This Week shares some cool, stylized videos of the literary tournament which you can check out here: “Check out a funny battle of words at Lucha Libro 2013” –

So … a new “Girl with the Dragon Tattoo” Book?

millennium-trilogy-coversThe mystery of the fourth Stieg Larsson book has been ongoing for quite awhile now. We know that Swedish novelist Stieg Larsson had originally planned as many as ten books for the best-selling Millennium Trilogy, and was working on a fourth novel up until his untimely death in 2004. Then the status of the book was trapped a bitter legal dispute involving Larsson’s estate and his partner.

So it comes as a mild surprise, that a fourth book will be released some time in 2015.  From GalleyCat: ‘The Girl With the Dragon Tattoo’ Series to Get Fourth Book Next Year”:

“Swedish journalist David Lagercrantz is writing the fourth book in Stieg Larsson‘s Millennium trilogy and the follow up to The Girl With the Dragon Tattoo series will come out next year. The new book will start where Larsson’s wildly successful series left off.

Radio Sweden has the scoop: “The new book will not be based on any notes left behind by the late author, and instead will be a stand-alone sequel to the series. It will be released on the tenth anniversary of publication of the first book, “Men who hate women/The girl with the dragon tattoo”, next year.””

The Telegraph has more details of note: “The Girl with the Dragon Tattoo: new author signed up for fourth book“:

“The head of publishing at Norstedts, Eva Gedin, told AP the book will be an original work that includes nothing from the fourth book in the series that Larsson began writing but hadn’t finished when he died.

 …  According to his colleague Kurdo Baksi, Larsson had been working on a fourth Millennium book when he died. The manuscript, which was 75 per cent complete, was set in Ireland, Sweden and America and featured Salander’s twin Camilla.”

I don’t know. It could work out, but I’m a bit skeptical. Still, it’ll be an interesting story to follow.

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